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Recommendation 8: Develop and implement policy to ensure the security and resilience of workers, their families, and communities as we transition from fossil fuel industries to a green economy.
Recommendation 3: Coordinating with the Government of Canada as it completes its G20 peer review of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. Because federal policies impact provincial policies (and vice versa), increased coordination will improve governments’ abilities to undertake subsidy reform.
Recommendation 2: Continue with annual increases to the carbon tax while ensuring this taxation incorporates low income transfers that sufficiently offset any negative impacts to low income households or individuals (such as an expansion of the low-income carbon tax credit).
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Recommendation 1: Completing a self-review of all fossil fuel subsidies, including those listed in this report (see Annex 1). The self-review process should be consistent with WTO principles for subsidies and follow a process similar to other reviews that have been done at the G20 level. The process should be advised by an independent panel of experts on fossil fuel subsidies (e.g., the OECD, subsidy experts, representatives from other governments who have completed subsidy reviews, etc.). The review should also include estimates of the portion of certain subsidies that apply to fossil fuels and other sectors, so that the fossil fuel portion can be easily identified. All subsidies should be evaluated based on their environmental, social and economic costs, and of their ability to meet government policy priorities, including those related to climate change.
Recommendation 3: Central agencies in federal, provincial, and territorial governments should explicitly incorporate health resilience into climate lenses to inform cost-benefit analyses and policy decisions.
Recommendation 2: Canada’s emerging national adaptation strategy should map all key adaptation policy levers across government departments and orders of government against top climate health impact areas.
Recommendation 1: All orders of government should implement health adaptation policies to address both symptoms and root causes.
Recommendation 5: Establishing a clear mandate for provincial policy to ensure that no new fossil fuel subsidies are introduced.
Recommendation 15: Policy work moving forward should prioritize connectivity as a safety necessity for anti-violence work and emergency preparedness. This involves actions such as:
- Ensuring that emergency alerts can reach all Canadians, especially those in areas that are increasingly impacted by climate change-aggravated disasters (infrastructure issues)
- Organizing collaborative emergency planning with participation from a variety of sectors including, for instance, the private sector – particularly companies with access to connectivity technology and infrastructure – and anti-violence organizations. As pointed out by the report, this planning should be informed by and reflect Indigenous land knowledge and practices.
- Researching and investing in sustainable and ecologically wise connectivity infrastructure that is resilient to climate change to ensure the maximum possible protection of community members’ wellbeing, especially those most vulnerable to post-crisis violence.
- Researching and developing a plan for women who need to call emergency services for experiences of violence but have no phone or internet as a result of the disaster
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Recommendation 15: Work with Indigenous Peoples and all federal, provincial and municipal agencies, such as B.C. Parks, Parks Canada, and Canadian Heritage, to revise narrow, inaccurate, and harmful interpretations of Indigenous Peoples and histories. These agencies should work with local Indigenous Peoples to identify gaps and needs for research and storytelling related to lands managed by B.C. and Canada. Begin the process of truth-telling in accordance with applicable Indigenous legal traditions at Indigenous cultural heritage sites and places managed by B.C. and Canada. This telling should be an honest and authentic written account of the history with Indigenous Peoples that is produced in collaboration with Indigenous Peoples.
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